Ever heard of the term insurance nomination? Ensuring that your life is well insured is more than just purchasing a policy. If you’re clueless what insurance nomination entails, this guide is for you.
What is an insurance nomination? Why do I have to do it?
An insurance nomination is a legal and binding document that ensures that your nominated ones will receive the benefits of your insurance policy following your demise.
While an insurance nomination is not compulsory, we would recommend that you do so to get things in order. Making an insurance nomination can help to clear any disputes and make sure that your loved ones receive the intended benefits they are entitled to.
Performing insurance nominations is free.
To make an insurance nomination, you will have to be the policyholder, at least 18 years of age, and the one insured under the policy.
What happens if I don’t have an insurance nomination?
As mentioned earlier, it is not mandatory to make an insurance nomination.
You will be able to reap the living benefits of your policy while you are still alive. In the unfortunate event of death with no prior nomination, the benefits will be made to someone deemed as a proper claimant—this could be your spouse, child, or next-of-kin.
If you have a will left behind that was made known to your insurer, the policy benefits will be allocated according to your will. In the absence of a will, your estate will be distributed according to intestacy laws, which means that nominees do not have to be nominated.
Two types of nominations
There are two types of nominations at the moment, and you can choose between making an irrevocable, or trust, nomination or a revocable nomination. When the policy owner makes an irrevocable nomination, the policy owner surrenders all rights to the policy’s ownership. When the policy owner makes a revocable nomination, the policy owner is free to change, add or remove nominees without requiring their consent.
A big reason people choose irrevocable nominations is to protect their policies against creditors and debtors in the event of bankruptcy.
An irrevocable nomination implies the trust you have given to your nominees and cannot be voided by a will. However, it can be revoked with the trustee or nominee’s written consent. Irrevocable nominations can only be made for your spouse or children.
On the other hand, a revocable nomination is one that can be revoked at any time without the consent of your nominee(s). Sometimes things don’t go as planned between you and your nominees, or maybe you have other people to share the benefits with. In these circumstances, a revocable nomination would be more ideal.
|Irrevocable nomination||Revocable nomination|
|Nominees||Limited to only spouse and children||Can be anyone|
|Policy owner rights||All rights relinquished, with written consent required to revise policy||All rights remain, changes can be made any time without anyone’s consent|
|Proceeds of the policy belong to||Living and death benefits go to nominees||Living benefits belong to you, while death benefits go to your nominees|
|If nominee passes on first||Proceeds go to nominee’s estate||Equally distributed to other nominees|
Irrevocable (Trust) Nominations
Making an irrevocable nomination, also known as trust nomination, means you will have to give up your right and ownership as a policyholder to the nominated ones. As such, both your policy’s living and death benefits belong to your nominees.
You can only make a trust nomination for your children or spouse, and you will still pay the policy’s regular premium as the policyholder. In the event you want to amend the policy, surrender the policy, get a loan under the policy, or revoke the nomination, you will require consent from all the nominees.
How do I make a trust nomination?
If you have decided to make a Trust Nomination, you are required to appoint two witnesses aged 21 and above. Your witnesses cannot be any of your nominees, or the spouse of your nominees.
You must state the percentage of policy proceeds each nominee will receive, and the total proceeds must add up to 100 percent.
Appointing a trustee
You must also have a trustee or trustees who are at least 18 years old. A trustee is a person who holds and administers assets or property for the benefit of a third party. Your trustee can also be your nominee, and the name can be changed at any time.
You can also be your own trustee, but you will not be able to revoke nominations on behalf of the nominees. In these circumstances, only another trustee has the ability to do so.
You can also appoint more than two trustees for a trust nomination.
What happens after my demise?
If you have successfully made a Trust Nomination to your insurer, your policy benefits will be allocated to your nominees according to your wishes. For nominees below 18 years of age, the benefits will be entrusted to their parents or legal guardian.
If there’s a trustee, the benefits will go to them. If you’re the policyholder and have made yourself the trustee, then the benefits will go to your nominees.
What happens if my nominee passes away before me?
If your nominee passes on before you, their share of the proceeds will be distributed to their estate.
Can I revoke a trust nomination?
In order to revoke a trust nomination, you will need the consent of your trustees who are aged at least 18 years old. If they’re younger, you will require the written consent of their parent or legal guardian (who cannot be the policyholder).
If your nominee passes on before you, you will still require the consent of a trustee to revoke your nomination. Otherwise, the benefits of your policy will still be distributed to the deceased nominee’s estate. To complete the revocation process, you will have to submit Form 2. Once this is successful, you can either make a new trust nomination using Form 1, or consider making a revocable nomination instead.
When you make a revocable nomination as the policyholder, you will still enjoy the full policy rights and ownership. In other words, you can amend or revoke a nomination without the consent of your nominee or nominees.
To make a revocable nomination, you will have to be at least 18 years old. Unlike a trust nomination, anyone can be named in a revocable nomination—this is not restricted to just your spouse and children.
How do I make a revocable nomination?
You will have to complete and submit Form 4 in order to make a revocable nomination. If there is more than one nominee, you will have to state the percentage of policy proceeds each nominee will receive, and the total proceeds must add up to 100 percent.
Once your insurer is informed of your revocable nomination, your death benefits will be made to your nominees in the event of your death. For a revocable nomination, no trustee is required.
Can I revoke a revocable nomination?
To revoke a revocable nomination, you will have to complete Form 5, with two witnesses aged 21 years and above.
You will be able to revoke the nomination as the policyholder, and you do not require the consent of your nominees. Afterwards, you can either make a new revocable nomination with Form 4, or consider making a trust nomination with Form 1.
What happens if my revocable nomination passes on before I do?
If you have more than one nominee, the deceased nominee’s proceeds will be distributed equally to the surviving nominees if one of them passes on before you. However, if there are no other surviving nominees, this nomination will be considered cancelled.
In this case, you can either make a new revocable nomination with Form 4, or consider making a trust nomination with Form 1.