Buying a house in Singapore is a long-term commitment that requires proper planning. Knowing how much it costs and the home loan interest rate is not enough.
To avoid unwanted surprises, you should know the charges that come along with buying the property. In this article, we will debunk some myths surrounding home ownership and list the fees you can expect when you buy a house in Singapore.
Home ownership myths
#1: Capital appreciation of property = profits
Many Singaporeans think that they will profit from owning a property as its value will go up over time. But just because housing prices are rising does not mean a huge windfall.
Buying a house requires a large upfront cost. This includes application fees, stamp duties, renovation costs, and more. There are also property taxes, interest on your loan, and maintenance fees to pay regularly.
Assume you bought a house for S$500,000 25 years ago, and it is worth $1 million today. After deducting the fees and costs, you would likely be left with less than S$200,000 in profit.
#2: You have to use more CPF savings than you thought
The current down payment rate is 20% for HDB loans, and 25% for bank loans. For HDB loans, if you have more than the required down payment sum in your CPF Ordinary Account (CPF OA), you can either choose to use up all your money in the account, or keep up to S$20,000 in it.
For instance, if your down payment is S$50,000 and you have S$100,000 in your CPF OA, you cannot choose to only pay off the minimum down payment and keep the remaining in your CPF. You can only keep up to S$20,000 while the rest goes towards your home purchase.
1. Application Fees
New HDB flat applications cost S$10. Applications for resale one-room and two-room flats cost S$40, and S$80 for larger units.
2. Option Fee
An Option To Purchase is the agreement between the buyer and seller of a home. It is used by buyers to “reserve” the property. The fee depends on the type of property you purchase.
|Flat Type||Option Fee|
4-room, 5-room, Executive Flat
|Resale Flat||Up to S$5,000|
Executive Condominium or Private Property
3. Down Payment
The down payment amount depends on:
- Value and type of property
- Existing housing loans and tenure of a new loan
- Loan-To-Value (LTV) limit of the property
|Flat Type||Option Fee|
20% of the purchase price
(cash and/or CPF money)
|0 mortgages||1 mortgage|
2 or more mortgages
Minimum Cash Down Payment
|5% (LTV of 75%)|
10% (LTV of 55%)
Rest of Downpayment
|Can be paid using cash and/or CPF money|
4. Stamp Duty
A stamp duty is a tax you have to pay when you buy a home. There are two main stamp duties:
Buyer’s Stamp Duty:
Fee structure based on the purchase price of property
Additional Buyer’s Stamp Duty:
|Buyer’s Profile||First Property||Second Property||Third Property|
Singapore Citizens, Nationals and Permanent Residents of Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway or Switzerland,
Nationals of the United States of America
Singapore Permanent Residents
Trustees buying any residential property
5. Property Valuation Fee
For the bank to approve your loan, it needs to know how much the house you are buying is worth. If you buy a HDB flat, you can submit a Request for Value that will cost you S$120. If you are buying a private property, you would have to contact one of the bank’s listed valuers, which will cost between S$120 to S$400.
6. Agent Commissions
This is the fee paid to agents who help you to find your home and arrange for viewing sessions.
If you buy a resale HDB flat, you usually pay 1% of the purchase price as a commission.
7. Legal Fees
When you’re buying a house, there are documents you need to process with a lawyer. Besides making sure the paperwork is in order, your lawyer also checks if the seller has the right to let go of their property.
HDB’s fees go at the following rates:
- First S$30,000: S$0.90 per S$1,000
- Next S$30,000: S$0.72 per S$1,000
- Remaining amount: S$0.60 per S$1,000
This would typically cost you a few hundred dollars. If you engage a private law firm, the average fee is S$2,500.
8. Survey and Lease In-Escrow Registration Fee
This is the survey fee that goes to the surveyor inspecting the condition and value of your flat. It costs between S$160 and S$400.
9. Caveat Registration Fee
A caveat is an official notice that you are buying the property. Filing the caveat means the house cannot be sold to anyone else. The buyer’s caveat would cost you S$64 while the Title Search Fee costs S$10. If you are taking on a home loan, you have to pay another S$64 for a Mortgagee’s Caveat.
10. Renovation, Moving, and Furnishing Costs
This largely depends on your budget and aesthetic preferences. You will save more if you come up with your own layout, but those who hire interior designers and buy branded furniture can easily spend over S$100,000.
1. Utilities/Property Tax
Remember that you have to pay the costs of power, gas, and water you use every month. On top of that, you have to pay an annual property tax that is a percentage of the annual value of your home. This amount is an estimation of the annual rent your property fetches.
2. Home Loan Interest
Remember that a mortgage can sometimes last decades. If you dig into your monthly mortgage payment, you will see that a large portion of it goes towards paying the interest.
To reduce the amount of interest you pay, you can either try and pay off your loan as quickly as possible, or refinance your loan when interest rates slip.
3. Fire/Home Insurance
Fire insurance, which covers structural home damages, is compulsory for all HDB flats. Fortunately, the cost ranges from S$1.60 to S$8.20 for five years.
You will have to buy home insurance as well. Depending on the type of coverage you opt for, a policy can cost anywhere between S$50 and S$350 for every S$100,000 of coverage.
4. Private Property Maintenance Fees
If you buy a private home, you will have to pay monthly or quarterly maintenance fees that are used to run the facilities in your estate, such as the swimming pool and gym. The fees can cost a few hundred dollars every month, even if you do not use the amenities.
5. HDB Service and Conservancy Charges
This is HDB’s version of the maintenance fees. Other than the type of flat you own, these charges also depend on the area you live in. The money collected goes towards the general upkeep of your neighbourhood, which includes maintaining the lift, fumigating the grounds, and cleaning the estate.
TLDR: Summary of one-off and recurring costs
Home Loan Interest
Maintenance Fees (Private Properties)
Property Valuation Fee
Service and Conservancy Charges (HDB Flats)
Survey & Lease In-Escrow Registration Fee
Caveat Registration Fee
Renovation and Moving Costs
The cost of your new home does not stop at your down payment, so remember to have enough cash and CPF savings before you make your big purchase.